India is a mainly agricultural society. This is one of the reasons why more people need to study and take up careers in agriculture. This blog will help you understand exactly why agricultural education is the need of the hour, especially in India.
More than 80% of the population of India relies on agriculture as a source of income. While India has faced food grain shortages previously, especially during the time of independence, there was a bounce back from it as India moved towards self-sufficiency in agriculture.
Agriculture provides employment to approximately 50% of the population in India and largely contributes to the GDP. The immense growth of agriculture is a huge achievement by India in the history of agriculture worldwide. A lot of factors are responsible for this growth including government policies, farmers who are receptive and the establishment of higher education institutions.
In order to ensure that agriculture keeps growing, there is an urgent need for human resources in the field. For the constant development of skilled human resources in the field of agriculture, universities are offering B.Sc. (Agriculture) course to impart knowledge in various disciplines of agriculture like horticulture, animal husbandry, agriculture engineering. dairy farming, food processing, fishery science, and agriculture business management. CVRU Bihar is one university that ensures to update the course curricular on a regular basis to keep students in pace with the latest happenings in the field of agriculture.
Challenges in the industry
Presently, there are many challenges in the field of agriculture. Some of them are:
- Low productivity
- Decreasing profitability
- Rise in competitiveness due to globalization
- Poor linkages between farms and markets
- The wide gap between land and lab experiments
- Lack of qualified manpower
Sufficient amount of human capital is needed to properly address these challenges. To make sure this happens, the field of agriculture requires more financial support for continued research and development. Along with that, there needs to be more awareness about the career paths one can take after agriculture.
What kind of career opportunities exist for students after graduation?
For any student pursuing this course, it would be very important to know about all of the career opportunities beforehand. Students often go for higher education like MBA, M.Sc or Masters in Agricultural Science for a more detailed and specialized kind of education.
They can also apply for banking jobs by appearing for IBPS exams. Other options include UPSC examinations for civil service posts.
The food processing industry is always on the lookout for new and fresh talent to join in, so, this is another really good opportunity for students who graduate from BSC in Agriculture.